Abandoned lead-acid batteries will cause serious environmental pollution if they do not process their disposal. Our life is inseparable from the battery, what is the classification of the battery? How to dispose of different types of batteries? There are often people with relevant issues such as the Environmental Protection Agency. Here, there are several common categories of waste batteries, and to answer questions.
First, everyone is most familiar with a dry battery for flashlights, a variety of disposable 1, 5, 7, and other different capacities on the remote control. The dry battery is a chemical battery that produces direct current in a paste electrolyte. Since January 1, 2005, my country has stopped production and sales of alkaline batteries with amalgal mercury greater than 0.0001%. At present, the disposable dry batteries used in the family use a mercury-free and low-mercury technology, and the technical improvement makes the waste dry battery The impact of the environment becomes very slight. The national "waste battery pollution control technology policy" clearly stipulates that under the lack of effective recovery techniques, it is not encouraged to concentrate on recycling waste-once-induced cells that have reached the national hymer mercury or mercury-free. Therefore, there should be emissions from domestic waste to such waste batteries.
The second is a rechargeable battery and buckle battery on children's toys, electronic tables. The outer table of the buckle battery is a stainless steel material, and as a positive electrode, the negative electrode is a circular cover of the stainless steel, and the positive electrode and the negative electrode are insulated, and the sealing ring is made of nylon, and the sealing ring is removed, and the electrolysis can also be prevented Liquid leak. Such waste batteries belong to social hazardous waste, according to the "National Hazardous Waste Directory" in 2008, such social source hazardous waste produced in the daily life of the family does not manage the hazardous waste, that is, waste emissions with domestic garbage. However, the national "waste battery pollution control technology policy" simultaneously stipulates that the manufacturer, importer of the charging battery and the buckle battery, as well as manufacturers using rechargeable batteries or buckle batteries, should undertake recycled recycled batteries and scrapped batteries. Responsibility, the classification and recycling facility set up a waste battery in the Sales Office and sent to the corresponding qualifications (facilities), resource utilization or harmless treatment treatment. Therefore, in the process of using such batteries, the waste battery and waste buckle battery can be sent to the corresponding waste battery recycling facility in the sales store, convenient for the seller recycling.
The third is the mobile phone battery on the phone. Mobile phone batteries are generally used in lithium batteries and nickel-hydrogen batteries. According to incomplete statistics, my country's mobile phone has exceeded 1.3 billion, almost a state of the average person, and the waste mobile phone battery environmental pollution cannot be ignored. Abandoned mobile phones and batteries contain heavy metal components such as gold, mercury, lead, cadmium, such as direct discardment or landfill, heavy metals will directly pollute the soil and groundwater; while simply incineration, the gas produced will also pollute the air, causing poisoning. At present, the waste mobile phone has been included in the National "Waste Electrical Electronic Products Handling" (2014 version), and the waste mobile phone battery can be dismantled with the waste of the mobile phone and the dismantling of the electrical electronic product, and the dismantling is harmless disposal or resource utilization. . At present, Dalian Dafeng Metallic Co., Ltd., which is located in the national ecological industrial demonstration park in Zhuanghe, China has the corresponding qualifications, and the company can obtain the national subsidy.
The fourth is used for elevators, banks, etc. UPS uninterruptible power supply and lead-acid batteries that do motor vehicle batteries. The concentrated collecting lead-acid batteries need to handle dangerous waste transfer and can be transferred to a business in which dangerous waste business qualifications. At present, Dalian Dongtai Industrial Waste Treatment Co., Ltd., Tianjin Dongbang Lead Resource Renewable Co., Ltd. has the relevant qualifications of the waste lead-acid battery collection and disposal.
The fifth is the power battery for new energy electric vehicles. Electric automobile production enterprises, battery production enterprises, battery rails utilization enterprises and scrapped car recycling dismantling companies undertake the responsibility of their respective recycling, and encourage companies to take deposits, repurchases, trade-in and new, and improve consumers The enthusiasm of the power battery.
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